The processing complexity, precision, efficiency and flexibility of machine tools directly determine the manufacturing level of this country, which has a prominent strategic position in the equipment manufacturing industry, and has a significant impact on the country's overall industrial competitiveness and comprehensive national strength.
China machine tool industry including metal cutting machine tool, metal shaping machine tools, woodworking machinery, casting machinery, machine tool accessories, workers gauge and instrument, abrasives and other metal processing machinery and other industries of eight children, of metal cutting machine tool industry is the largest of China's machine tool industry economy, the industry of the most prominent position.
Under the strong support of national policies, China's machine tool industry has developed rapidly and become the world's first consumer and importer of machine tools for many years in a row.
In 2016, China again led the world in machine tool consumption with $27.5 billion.
However, due to the late start, China's machine tool industry still has a big gap with western developed countries on the whole, but this also indicates that China's machine tool industry has a huge development space.
In the future, as the automobile and parts, aerospace, mold, railway transportation equipment, engineering machinery, and other various types of equipment manufacturing industry production scale expansion and the formation of the global industry transfer trend, strong demand for multi-level machine tool product related industries, will further promote China's rapid growth of the metal cutting machine tool manufacturing industry.
In terms of policy, the Chinese government has listed the development of large, precision, high-speed CNC equipment and functional components in the metal cutting machine tool industry as one of the important revitalization goals of the country, which will also promote the rapid development of the industry.
According to the national bureau of statistics, China's metal cutting machine tool production reached 783,200 in 2016, up 2.2 percent year on year.
According to the national bureau of statistics, customs and industry associations, the total consumption of machine tools in China in 2016 was about 27.5 billion us dollars, of which the consumption of metal cutting machine tools was about 16.4 billion us dollars, accounting for 59.64%.
Although China's metal cutting machine tool industry has made great progress in recent years, there are still structural contradictions between machine tool consumption and production.
At present, the CNC rate of machine tools in China is less than 30%, which is significantly lower than the 60-70% rate in Japan, the United States, Germany and other developed countries.
Domestic CNC metal cutting machine tools are still in low-end melee, high-end lost situation, high-grade CNC metal cutting machine tools are mostly dependent on imports.
It is not difficult to find that China's CNC metal cutting machine tool independent innovation capacity is still insufficient, in quality, delivery time and service and other aspects compared with foreign well-known brand manufacturers still have a certain gap.
In the future, with the adjustment of industrial structure and the upgrading of downstream industry products, the demand structure of metal cutting machine tools will be further optimized, the CNC rate will be further improved, CNC metal cutting machine tools will have a larger market demand.
In 2016, China imported about 7.5 billion us dollars of machine tools, down 12.8% year-on-year.
Among them, the import of metal cutting machine tools was about us $6.1 billion, down 12.9% year-on-year.
Metal forming machine tool imports were about $1.4 billion, down 12.5 percent from a year earlier.
Due to imports of high-end host metal cutting machine tool, cutting tool and machine tool of the core features, and in recent years, presents the downward trend of metal cutting machine tool import amount, reflect the Chinese consumer market of metal cutting machine tool in the power conversion process, and is own development through innovation and core technology research, gradually reduce the dependence on imports.