What Are CNC Machines And How Do They Work?

- Jul 17, 2018 -

In most industries that use and utilize machinery, CNC machines are common inside the factories and warehouses. But what exactly is a CNC machine?

CNC stands for Computer Numerical Control which, in layman terms, is a machinery process in which the machine is being controlled by a computer system. This is a very common in the world of manufacturing as this system has the ability to control specific tools inside the machine, including grinders, mills, and routers.

While CNC machines are a piece of advanced technology, it's the machine's controller that is the most important. These controllers are crucial as they're responsible for feeding the exact instructions to the machine in way of the controller unit. These instructions are customized to fit the task, mainly being the specific cutting of metal or plastic. But it's not that simple.

The machine controller has to input "G-Code" (or machine language) which controls the machine's features, including feed rate, location, speed, etc. The instructions added to the machine's computer will determine how quickly the machine will finish the cuts and how the final product will look. The final product look is put in using a drawing of a 2D or 3D image which then the computer creates the correct coding for the work. To make sure nothing goes wrong, the controller is responsible for running mutliple trial runs, which are known as "cutting air", which weeds out any speed or positioning issues.

Some long time manufacturing professionals may still prefer manual machining but the present and future is with CNC machines. Not only is the process much more exact and precise but it can also cut down on mistakes, increase productivity and expand the options and opportunities for any company.

No matter the complexity or repetitiveness of the metal or plastic cutting needed, CNC machines are the perfect fit to get the job done. If you're interested in adding new CNC machinery to your factory or warehouse, contact us today.info@haitongcnc.com